Research Library

Welcome to EFAO’s Research Library. This library stores research protocols & reports from our Farmer-led Research Program; data from trials; program reports and handouts; articles related to the program; and links to relevant farmer-led and on-farm research projects.

Click + for entry details, sort using the arrows on the top bar or use the search function to find entries on a specific topic, farmer, region, etc.

Contact Sarah Hargreaves (sarah@efao.ca) with questions, comments or corrections.

Funding for this library was made possible with a grant from the Ontario Trillium Foundation.

TitleDateArticle TypeResearch AreaFarmerFarmRegionDescriptionTagsYearFile Type
A Practical Guide to On-Farm Pasture ResearchOct 26 2016ReportLivestockNE- SARENE-SAREUSAn NE-SARE publication on on-farm research as it relates to pasture experiments.experimental design, on farm research, randomization, replication, rotational grazing, grazing, pasture2016PDF
Cabbage Seed ProductionApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureRebecca Frances IvanoffWhole Circle FarmWestThis document outlines the steps that Nicola and Rebecca will follow to execute their research trial, Cabbage Seed Production Methods, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Nicola, Rebecca, and the EFAO.farmer led research, seeds, seed production, biennial seed production2017PDF
EFAO Launches New Farm Trial ProgramSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioOnline news article in Better Farming about the Farmer-led Research Program.farmer led research, on farm research, media2016Web Link
Efficacy of Foliar SpraysAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestResearch Question: Do foliar sprays benefit the health of different crash crops? Farmer-researcher: Angie Koch, Fertile Ground CSAfoliar spray, pest management2016PDF
Farmer-led Research Program InformationAug 31 2016HandoutFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioHandout at the workshop and information session at the Guelph Organic Conference, January 2016program information, guelph organic conference, farmer led research, on farm research2016PDF
Farmer-led Research Symposium & Workshop!Sep 21 2016BlogFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOEastInformation about EFAO's Farmer-led Research Symposium & Workshop held in conjunction with the Ecological Farmers of Ontario Conference, November 29-30, 2016 in Kingston, ON.farmer led research, on farm research, program information, conference2016Web Link
FLRP Summary 2016Dec 12 2016ReportFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioBrief summary of the year, including the data collected in 2016 by EFAO farmer-researchers. This was included in the package given out at the Ecological Farmers of Ontario Conference in Kingston, Nov/Dec 2016.active carbon, broccoli, cover crops, experimental design, farmer led research, foliar spray, haney test, heritage breed, heritage breeds, pastured poultry, plfa, randomization, replication, soil health, soil tests, statistics, wet aggregate stability2016PDF
Foliar Sprays for Cut FlowersApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureJessica GaleSweet Gale GardensWestThis document outlines the steps that Jessica will follow to execute her research trial, Foliar Sprays for Cut Flowers, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Jessica and the EFAO.farmer led research, cut flowers, foliar spray2017PDF
Garlic Mulch TrialApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureHeather CoffeyFiddlehead FarmThis document outlines the steps that Ken, Eric and Heather will follow to execute the research trial, Green Mulch Comparison for Garlic, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Ken/Eric/Heather and the EFAO.farmer led research, multi farm, no till, garlic, mulch, cover crops2017PDF
Grant furthers ecological farming researchSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOWestArticle in ObserverXtra about the Farmer-led Research Program and Field Day hosted by Angie Koch of Fertile Ground CSA.cover crops, farmer led research, foliar spray, multi farm, on farm research, media2016Web Link
Is Bird-friendly Grazing ‘For the Birds’?Sep 12 2016BlogLivestockZoe Lebrun-SouthcottBird Ecology and Conservation OntarioEastIs Bird-friendly Grazing ‘For the Birds’? - EFAO BLOGmulti farm, on farm research, conservation, rotational grazing2016Web Link
Meat Chicken ComparisonAug 30 2016Research ProtocolLivestockJason Daniel Hayesburdock groveWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 2 farms asking Research Question: Does the Nova Free Ranger, a meat chicken derived from European heritage breeds, differ from the industrial White Rock with respect to production costs and meat quality?pastured poultry, heritage breed, multi farm2016PDF
Meat Chicken ComparisonAug 30 2016Research ProtocolLivestockSarah HargreavesThree Ridges Ecological FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 2 farms asking Research Question: Does the Nova Free Ranger, a meat chicken derived from European heritage breeds, differ from the industrial White Rock with respect to production costs and meat quality?pastured poultry, heritage breeds, multi farm2016PDF
Notes from the Office - EFAO Newsletter, March/AprilSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioNotes describing outcomes of the workshop and brainstorming session at the Guelph Organic Conference in January 2016.farmer led research, on farm research, guelph organic conference, program information2016PDF
On-farm Research Design & AnalysisSep 12 2016WebinarFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioRecorded version of EFAO's first webinar: On-farm Design & Analysis. Note, audio is poor and out of synch but video shows presentation slides. Email Sarah (sarah@efao.ca) with specific questions.farmer led research, on farm research, webinar, statistics, experimental design, replication, randomization2016Web Link
On-Farm Research GuideSep 19 2016Research LinkFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffOrganic Farming Research FoundationOntarioOn-Farm Research Guide by Organic Farming Research Foundation.farmer led research, on farm research, randomization, replication2016PDF
Pasture-raised chicken breed comparisonApr 25 2017Research ReportLivestockJason Daniel Hayesburdock groveWestSummary ● The Nova Free Ranger, a new meat chicken from Nova Scotia bred for free range living, may better integrate into ecological farms and produce nutritionally-superior meat compared to the industrial White Rock – Cornish Cross. ● Given the fast growth rates of White Rocks, however, Nova Free Rangers may not be as profitable if they take longer to size up. ● Jason Hayes and Drake Larsen raised groups of Nova Free Ranger and White Rock chickens on pasture and measured feed intake, carcass yield, taste and nutritional quality.farmer led research, heritage breed, multi farm, pasture, pastured poultry, rotational grazing2016PDF
Probiotics for pasture-raised chickenApr 24 2017Research ProtocolLivestockJustin and Andrea HilbornFat of the Land FarmEastThis document outlines the steps that Justin will follow to execute his research trial, Probiotics for pasture-raised chicken, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Justin and the EFAO.farmer led research, pasture, pastured poultry, rotational grazing, probiotics2017PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Angie’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop cocktail containing a legume differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield of late season brassicas?cover crops, multi farm2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureMike William ReidKolapore GardensWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Mike’s Specific Question: How does mowing a cover crop cocktail that includes white clover compare to working up the same cover crop cocktail in terms of fertility contribution and weed management for subsequent direct seeded kohlrabi and transplanted cabbage crops?cover crops, white clover, no till, multi farm2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureKen and Martha LaingOrchard Hill FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Ken’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop of bell bean boost soil N supply before broccoli?cover crops, multi farm, broccoli2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureRyan ThiessenCreek Shore FarmsWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Ryan’s Specific Questions: Experiment 1: Do cover crops benefit late season brassicas and does a cocktail cover crop containing a legume differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield? Experiment 2: How does a cover crop perform interplanted in summer squash with respect to health and yield of late season brussels sprouts?cover crops, multi farm, interplanting2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureKevin HamiltonShared Harvest Community FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Kevin’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop cocktail differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield of late season brassicas?cover crops, multi farm2016PDF
Research Notes - EFAO Newsletter, July/AugustSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioNotes from other farmer-led research trials, specifically strip-tilling for managing organic summer squash and alternative forages for pastured pigs.cover crops, experimental design, farmer led research, no till, pastured pigs2016PDF
Research Notes - EFAO Newsletter, May/JuneSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioResearch Notes describing the main trials for 2016cover crops, farmer led research, multi farm, soil health, soil tests2016PDF
Sensitivity and Reproducibility of Soil Health TestsAug 30 2016Research ProtocolSoil HealthPaul DeJong, Ken Laing, Tony McQuailVentry Hill Farm, Orchard Hill Farm, Meeting Place Organic FarmOntarioTo what extent are soil health tests reproducible and sensitive to practices on ecological farms? It is widely recognized that standard soil tests often don’t reflect the fertility or production potential on ecological farms. So the question remains: what soil tests help ecological farmers assess whether different farming practices improve soil health (i.e. soil structure, biology and carbon storage)? This project will compare different soil tests from farm fields and natural reference sites (e.g. fence row, prairie, etc.) to test their reproducibility (how similar are replicated samples?) and sensitivity (how well does a soil test differentiate between fields?).plfa, haney test, wet aggregate stability, active carbon, soil health, soil tests2016PDF
Southern Ontario Participatory Pepper Breeding ProjectApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureAnnie RichardThis document outlines the steps that Rebecca, Greta, Annie and Kathy will follow to continue breeding a pepper as part of the Southern Ontario Pepper Breeding Project. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between the farmer-researchers and the EFAO.farmer led research, breeding, participatory plant breeding, farmer led breeding, peppers2017PDF
Strip-tilling and Forages for Pastured PigsSep 12 2016BlogHorticultureEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioLearning from Other Farmer-researchers: Strip-tilling and Forages for Pastured Pigs - EFAO BLOG. Horticulture, Livestockcover crops, no till, on farm research, pastured pigs2016Web Link
Systems Research for AgricultureJan 19 2017Research LinkFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioWeb link to free PDF download of SARE's Systems Research for Agriculture e-book. ABSTRACT: Farmers today face a complicated host of environmental, social and economic pressures: protecting water and air resources, mitigating greenhouse gases, conserving biodiversity and limiting soil erosion, all while trying to make a living. These challenges are linked, yet most agricultural research of the last 80 years has approached them from a reductionist standpoint. To build truly sustainable farming systems, agricultural research must embrace a multidimensional approach known as agricultural systems research. Systems Research for Agriculture outlines both the theory and practice of agricultural systems research, helping agricultural professionals to study, understand and develop economically, socially and environmentally sustainable production systems. This handbook begins with a brief introduction to the theoretical basis for agricultural systems research. It then delivers guidance on how to form effective interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder teams, which include farmers and ranchers, and how to plan, implement and analyze systems experiments. This handbook is essential reading for research coordinators and all other team members as they navigate the complexities of multifaceted systems projects.experimental design, farmer led research, on farm research, randomization, replication, statistics2016Web Link
Tea Bag Science For AllSep 12 2016BlogSoil HealthEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioTea Bag Science For All - EFAO BLOGon farm research, soil health, soil tests, decomposition, citizen science2016Web Link