Research Library

Welcome to EFAO’s Research Library. This library stores research protocols & reports from our Farmer-led Research Program; data from trials; program reports and handouts; articles related to the program; and links to relevant farmer-led and on-farm research projects.

Click + for entry details, sort using the arrows on the top bar or use the search function to find entries on a specific topic, farmer, region, etc.

Contact Sarah Hargreaves (sarah@efao.ca) with questions, comments or corrections.

Funding for this library was made possible with a grant from the Ontario Trillium Foundation.

TitleDateArticle TypeResearch AreaFarmerFarmRegionDescriptionTagsYearFile Type
A ‘Comfrey’ Companion for Saskatoon?Feb 06 2018Research ReportHorticulturePat Leisa KozowykBaba Link Organic FarmWestCompanion plants act as weed suppressors, nutrient accumulators and natural mulches, and provide other services by promoting ecology. Little data, however, exists on the benefit of specific companion plants. Pat tested the benefits of comfrey companion plants for Saskatoon bushes in her established organic orchard.companion planting, farmer led research, interplanting, orchard, permaculture, soil health2017PDF
A Guide to On-Farm Demonstration ResearchJul 16 2018ReportFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOAllPrepared for the British Columbia Forage Council by Dr. Catherine Tarasoff, this guide explains HOW TO PLAN, PREPARE, AND CONDUCT YOUR OWN ON-FARM DEMONSTRATIONS. Less detail to rigorous research trials is given.demonstration, experimental design, farmer led breeding, farmer led research2016PDF
A Practical Guide to On-Farm Pasture ResearchOct 26 2016ReportLivestockNE- SARENE-SAREUSAn NE-SARE publication on on-farm research as it relates to pasture experiments.experimental design, on farm research, randomization, replication, rotational grazing, grazing, pasture2016PDF
Amendments for Pasture RegenerationFeb 06 2018Research ReportLivestockTony McQuailHolistic Management for Family FarmsWestProductive pastures are paramount to organic grass-fed, grass-finished beef operations, especially when soil health and regeneration are also important farm goals. To try to further regenerate specific areas of his rotationally-grazed pastures, Tony tested whether addressing micronutrient deficiencies would help pasture growth.farmer led research, pasture, rotational grazing, soil health, grass fed beef2017PDF
Brassicas and Onion InterplantingJun 13 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureRyan ThiessenThiessen Tillage EquipmentWestThis document outlines the steps that Ryan will follow to execute his research trial, Intercropping Onions and Brassicas , including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Ryan and the EFAO. This work is in collaboration with Liette Vasseur at Brock University.broccoli, farmer led research, interplanting, pest management, companion planting2017PDF
Cabbage Seed ProductionApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureRebecca Frances IvanoffWestThis document outlines the steps that Nicola and Rebecca will follow to execute their research trial, Cabbage Seed Production Methods, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Nicola, Rebecca, and the EFAO.farmer led research, seeds, seed production, biennial seed production2017PDF
Cabbage Seed ProductionFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureRebecca Frances IvanoffWestSeed saving is important tool for ecological growers who want to produce locally adapted seed, develop new or maintain older varieties, and/or reduce seed costs. Biennial seed production has added challenges, as it occupies valuable storage space for overwintering that would otherwise be taken by marketable crops. To optimize trade-offs between vegetable storage for seed saving and market, Nicola and Rebecca compared two methods of cabbage seed production.biennial seed production, experimental design, farmer led research, randomization, replication, seed production, seeds2017PDF
Comfrey as a Companion for SaskatoonJun 13 2017Research ProtocolHorticulturePat Leisa KozowykBaba Link Organic FarmWestThis document outlines the steps that Pat will follow to execute her research trial, Comfrey as a Companion Plant for Saskatoon , including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Pat and the EFAO.companion planting, farmer led research, interplanting, pest management, permaculture, mulch, orchard2017PDF
Comfrey as a Companion Plant for Saskatoon and Black currantMay 08 2018Research ProtocolWeed ControlPat Leisa KozowykBaba Link Organic FarmWestMore research is needed to determine the practicality and effectiveness of perennial cover crops in Ontario. Cover crops and soil health are critical components of ecological and profitable farming. Cover crop practices and research continue to generate considerable innovation and research. This is usually in the context of row cropping systems (see, for example, the Ontario Cover Crop strategy). Internationally, some research is becoming available on long-term cover crops for perennial cropping systems as well (e.g. orchards, vineyards, and other fruit and nut production). However, there has been little research to date on the effectiveness, practicality and ecological benefits of perennial cover crops in Ontario. In this context, this document outlines the steps that Pat, Ivan and Arthur will follow to execute their multi-farm research project, ​Comfrey as a Companion Plant for Saskatoon and Black currant​, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between the farmers and EFAO. This project is a continuation of Pat’s 2017 research project.brix, companion planting, farmer led research, orchard, permaculture, soil health2018PDF
Early Yielding Pea BreedingMay 08 2018Research ProtocolSeed production & breedingDuane E. FalkMimosa Breeding and ResearchWestDuane would like to develop a truly winter hardy garden pea. Specifically, he would like to combine the winter hardiness of Austrian Winter Field Peas with the qualities of a garden pea (Lincoln, etc). This type of pea could be planted in the autumn and would yield early peas in the garden before the heat and drought set in, producing much better quality and ahead of the main season for farmers markets, etc. This should take 3-5 years to get uniform lines with the combined traits of hardiness and quality; these traits are both complex.breeding, farmer led breeding, farmer led research, seeds2018PDF
Ecology in action for Dahlia production: Luring cucumber beetles and their predatorsMay 08 2018Research ProtocolDemonstrationJessica GaleSweet Gale GardensWestDahlias are one of the top 5 crops of small scale flower farmers, focused on local markets. Dahlias, however, are a ephemeral crops that can be delicate and difficult to ship. They also face higher pest pressure than other flower crops, including common agricultural pests like tarnished plant bug, s​potted cucumber beetle and southern corn rootworm. The later is particularly damaging because many field grown dahlias begin blooming after many of the cucurbit crops (the insect’s preference) are more mature and less enticing to the pests. In this context, Jessica will set up a demonstration site, Ecology in action for Dahlia production: Luring cucumber beetles and their predators​.demonstration, integrated pest management, cut flower production, farmer led research, insects2018PDF
EFAO Launches New Farm Trial ProgramSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioOnline news article in Better Farming about the Farmer-led Research Program.farmer led research, on farm research, media2016Web Link
Efficacy of Foliar SpraysAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestResearch Question: Do foliar sprays benefit the health of different crash crops? Farmer-researcher: Angie Koch, Fertile Ground CSAfoliar spray, pest management2016PDF
Farmer-led Research Program InformationAug 31 2016HandoutFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioHandout at the workshop and information session at the Guelph Organic Conference, January 2016program information, guelph organic conference, farmer led research, on farm research2016PDF
Farmer-led Research Symposium & Workshop!Sep 21 2016BlogFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOEastInformation about EFAO's Farmer-led Research Symposium & Workshop held in conjunction with the Ecological Farmers of Ontario Conference, November 29-30, 2016 in Kingston, ON.farmer led research, on farm research, program information, conference2016Web Link
Foliar Sprays for CucurbitsJun 26 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestThis document outlines the steps that Angie will follow to execute her research trial, Foliar Sprays for Cucurbits, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Angie and the EFAO.farmer led research, foliar spray, pest management, replication2017PDF
Foliar Sprays for CucurbitsFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestEcological vegetable growers often struggle with pests and disease pressure. There is anecdotal and observational information around the use of organic foliar sprays, but quantitative data is lacking. While nutrient foliar sprays can be expensive, the cost could be less than time and space cost associated with succession planting needed to manage disease pressure. With the goal of minimizing succession planting and field space while maximizing harvestable yield, Angie tested the efficacy of a nutrient foliar spray to maintain health of her cucurbits.farmer led research, foliar spray, brix2017PDF
Foliar Sprays for Cut Flower ProductionFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureJessica GaleSweet Gale GardensWestEcological cut flower growers are more limited in the their options for managing pests and disease pressure. There is anecdotal and observational information around the use of organic foliar sprays, but quantitative data is lacking. To generate robust data for herself and other growers, Jessica Gale tested the efficacy of a nutrient foliar spray and an anti-fungal spray on two flower varieties.cut flowers, farmer led research, foliar spray, pest management2017PDF
Foliar Sprays for Cut FlowersApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureJessica GaleSweet Gale GardensWestThis document outlines the steps that Jessica will follow to execute her research trial, Foliar Sprays for Cut Flowers, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Jessica and the EFAO.farmer led research, cut flowers, foliar spray2017PDF
Garlic Mulch Experiment UpdateMay 08 2018Research ProtocolCover CropsEric BarnhorstEva Mae FarmEastThis document updates the protocol Eric will follow to answer the following questions: Does the cover crop make a difference to garlic yield and labour? What is best way to manage the cover crop? This is a part of a multi-farm trial with completed projects at Heather Coffey and Ken Laing's.cover crops, farmer led research, garlic, mulch, mulit farm2018PDF
Garlic Mulch TrialApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureHeather CoffeyFiddlehead FarmThis document outlines the steps that Ken, Eric and Heather will follow to execute the research trial, Green Mulch Comparison for Garlic, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Ken/Eric/Heather and the EFAO.farmer led research, multi farm, no till, garlic, mulch, cover crops2017PDF
Grant furthers ecological farming researchSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOWestArticle in ObserverXtra about the Farmer-led Research Program and Field Day hosted by Angie Koch of Fertile Ground CSA.cover crops, farmer led research, foliar spray, multi farm, on farm research, media2016Web Link
Interplanting Onions and BrassicasApr 09 2018Research ReportHorticultureRyan ThiessenThiessen Tillage EquipmentWestInterplanting is an agroecological approach that optimizes space, light capture, and water and nutrient use. Effective combinations vary by region and system, and Ryan wanted to test different intercropping distances using a paper pot transplanter. Ryan’s goals for interplanting were to optimize growing space and minimize pest pressure without impacting growth of onions or brassicas.broccoli, interplanting, weather2017PDF
Is Bird-friendly Grazing ‘For the Birds’?Sep 12 2016BlogLivestockZoe Lebrun-SouthcottBird Ecology and Conservation OntarioEastIs Bird-friendly Grazing ‘For the Birds’? - EFAO BLOGmulti farm, on farm research, conservation, rotational grazing2016Web Link
Lettuce Seed Production in Northern OntarioMay 08 2018Research ProtocolSeed production & breedingEric Ronald BlondinThree Forks FarmsNorthThis document outlines the steps that Peggy will follow to execute her research project, ​Lettuce Seed Production in northern Ontario​, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Peggy and EFAO. Specifically, Peggy will compare two methods of lettuce seed production in northern Ontario: 1. Covered structure 2. Uncoveredseed production, seeds, northern ontario, lettuce2018PDF
Living & Dry Spring Mulches in GarlicFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureKen and Martha LaingOrchard Hill FarmWestGarlic on small organic farms is typically either dry mulched (e.g. straw) or grown in bare soil and cultivated for weed control. Farmers would like to see the soil covered to prevent erosion, increase water retention, and improve soil nutrition. However, water retention could increase nematode pressure and green mulches could compete with garlic. Ken set out to see if there was a difference in yield of marketable garlic between cultivation and spring mulches.active carbon, cover crops, farmer led research, garlic, mulch, multi farm, no till2017PDF
Meat Chicken ComparisonAug 30 2016Research ProtocolLivestockJason Daniel Hayesburdock groveWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 2 farms asking Research Question: Does the Nova Free Ranger, a meat chicken derived from European heritage breeds, differ from the industrial White Rock with respect to production costs and meat quality?pastured poultry, heritage breed, multi farm2016PDF
Meat Chicken ComparisonAug 30 2016Research ProtocolLivestockSarah HargreavesThree Ridges Ecological FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 2 farms asking Research Question: Does the Nova Free Ranger, a meat chicken derived from European heritage breeds, differ from the industrial White Rock with respect to production costs and meat quality?pastured poultry, heritage breeds, multi farm2016PDF
No-till Spring Cereals with Different Cover CropsMay 08 2018Research ProtocolSoil HealthKen and Martha LaingOrchard Hill FarmWestCan a farmer use winter killed cover crop to provide fall and winter cover on soil and make suitable field conditions to no-till plant spring cereals? Most spring cereals are planted into fall tilled soil leaving fields susceptible to erosion and loss of nutrients. No-till planting should allow earlier planting dates which should translate into higher yields as spring cereal yields are depressed with late planting. Underseeding of legumes and grasses should be more successful with early planting too. Acreage of spring cereals in Ontario is 320,000 acres.cover crops, soil health, small grains, cereals, no till2018PDF
Notes from the Office - EFAO Newsletter, March/AprilSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioNotes describing outcomes of the workshop and brainstorming session at the Guelph Organic Conference in January 2016.farmer led research, on farm research, guelph organic conference, program information2016PDF
On-farm Research Design & AnalysisSep 12 2016WebinarFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioRecorded version of EFAO's first webinar: On-farm Design & Analysis. Note, audio is poor and out of synch but video shows presentation slides. Email Sarah (sarah@efao.ca) with specific questions.farmer led research, on farm research, webinar, statistics, experimental design, replication, randomization2016Web Link
On-Farm Research GuideSep 19 2016Research LinkFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffOrganic Farming Research FoundationOntarioOn-Farm Research Guide by Organic Farming Research Foundation.farmer led research, on farm research, randomization, replication2016PDF
Organic disease management for Black WalnutMay 08 2018Research ProtocolDisease & pest controlJoseph ImreSeven Fields Farm & OrchardEastThis document outlines the steps that Joseph and Jazmin will follow to execute their research project, ​Organic disease management for Black Walnut​, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Joseph, Jazmin and EFAO. Specifcally, Joseph and Jazmin will compare two methods of disease management in their black walnut orchard, with the goal of ​discovering the best sustainable and organic approach for caring for their black walnuts.orchards, walnut, eastern ontario, farmer led research2018PDF
Pasture-Raised Chicken Breed ComparisonApr 25 2017Research ReportLivestockJason Daniel Hayesburdock groveWestSummary ● The Nova Free Ranger, a new meat chicken from Nova Scotia bred for free range living, may better integrate into ecological farms and produce nutritionally-superior meat compared to the industrial White Rock – Cornish Cross. ● Given the fast growth rates of White Rocks, however, Nova Free Rangers may not be as profitable if they take longer to size up. ● Jason Hayes and Drake Larsen raised groups of Nova Free Ranger and White Rock chickens on pasture and measured feed intake, carcass yield, taste and nutritional quality.farmer led research, heritage breed, multi farm, pasture, pastured poultry, rotational grazing2016PDF
Probiotics for Pasture-Raised ChickenApr 24 2017Research ProtocolLivestockJustin HilbornFat of the Land FarmEastThis document outlines the steps that Justin will follow to execute his research trial, Probiotics for pasture-raised chicken, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between Justin and the EFAO.farmer led research, pasture, pastured poultry, rotational grazing, probiotics2017PDF
Probiotics for Pasture-Raised ChickensFeb 06 2018Research ReportLivestockJustin HilbornFat of the Land FarmEastWhite rock chickens are the industry standard but weight gain is usually lower on pasture than in conventional settings. Feeding them probiotics, therefore, might improve the health and weight gain of pasture-raised chickens. With several products on the market, Justin wanted to see if any would have a real effect on his chickens. Justin set out to compare three commercial poultry probiotics to see if they increased growth rates and survival of pasture-raised White Rock chickens.pastured poultry, farmer led research, probiotics2017PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureAngie KochFertile GroundWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Angie’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop cocktail containing a legume differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield of late season brassicas?cover crops, multi farm2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureMike William ReidKolapore GardensWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Mike’s Specific Question: How does mowing a cover crop cocktail that includes white clover compare to working up the same cover crop cocktail in terms of fertility contribution and weed management for subsequent direct seeded kohlrabi and transplanted cabbage crops?cover crops, white clover, no till, multi farm2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureKen and Martha LaingOrchard Hill FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Ken’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop of bell bean boost soil N supply before broccoli?cover crops, multi farm, broccoli2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureRyan ThiessenThiessen Tillage EquipmentWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Ryan’s Specific Questions: Experiment 1: Do cover crops benefit late season brassicas and does a cocktail cover crop containing a legume differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield? Experiment 2: How does a cover crop perform interplanted in summer squash with respect to health and yield of late season brussels sprouts?cover crops, multi farm, interplanting2016PDF
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops Before BrassicasAug 30 2016Research ProtocolHorticultureKevin HamiltonShared Harvest Community FarmWestPart of a multi-farm trial on 5 farms asking the Research Question: Do spring planted cover crops benefit the production of late season brassica cash crops? Kevin’s Specific Question: Does a cover crop cocktail differ from buckwheat monoculture with respect to plant health and harvestable yield of late season brassicas?cover crops, multi farm2016PDF
Research Notes - EFAO Newsletter, July/AugustSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioNotes from other farmer-led research trials, specifically strip-tilling for managing organic summer squash and alternative forages for pastured pigs.cover crops, experimental design, farmer led research, no till, pastured pigs2016PDF
Research Notes - EFAO Newsletter, May/JuneSep 12 2016ArticleFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioResearch Notes describing the main trials for 2016cover crops, farmer led research, multi farm, soil health, soil tests2016PDF
Sensitivity and Reproducibility of Soil Health TestsAug 30 2016Research ProtocolSoil HealthPaul DeJong, Ken Laing, Tony McQuailVentry Hill Farm, Orchard Hill Farm, Meeting Place Organic FarmOntarioTo what extent are soil health tests reproducible and sensitive to practices on ecological farms? It is widely recognized that standard soil tests often don’t reflect the fertility or production potential on ecological farms. So the question remains: what soil tests help ecological farmers assess whether different farming practices improve soil health (i.e. soil structure, biology and carbon storage)? This project will compare different soil tests from farm fields and natural reference sites (e.g. fence row, prairie, etc.) to test their reproducibility (how similar are replicated samples?) and sensitivity (how well does a soil test differentiate between fields?).plfa, haney test, wet aggregate stability, active carbon, soil health, soil tests2016PDF
Southern Ontario Participatory Pepper Breeding ProjectApr 24 2017Research ProtocolHorticultureAnnie RichardKitchen Table Seed HouseEastThis document outlines the steps that Rebecca, Greta, Annie and Kathy will follow to continue breeding a pepper as part of the Southern Ontario Pepper Breeding Project. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between the farmer-researchers and the EFAO.farmer led research, breeding, participatory plant breeding, farmer led breeding, peppers2017PDF
Southern Ontario Participatory Pepper Breeding ProjectMay 08 2018Research ProtocolSeed production & breedingAnnie RichardKitchen Table Seed HouseEastThis document outlines the steps that Rebecca, Greta, Annie and Kathy will follow to continue breeding a pepper as part of the ​Southern Ontario Pepper Breeding Project​. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between the farmer-researchers and the EFAO. Specifically, the group is growing out three lines this year: their mass-selected red pepper population, yellow progeny line and red pepper progeny line.breeding, farmer led breeding, farmer led research, multi farm, participatory plant breeding, peppers2018PDF
Southern Ontario Pepper Breeding ProjectFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureAnnie RichardKitchen Table Seed HouseEastEcological farmers in southern Ontario do not have access to an early ripening bell pepper that is available in organic seed or bred for organic production systems. To meet this need, Greta, Rebecca, Annie and Kathy are selecting red and yellow peppers while building a network of regional vegetable seed breeders!breeding, farmer led research, multi farm, participatory plant breeding, seed production2017PDF
Spring Planted White Clover in GarlicFeb 06 2018Research ReportHorticultureHeather CoffeyFiddlehead FarmGarlic on small organic farms is typically either dry mulched (e.g. straw) or grown in bare soil and cultivated for weed control. Farmers would like to see the soil covered to prevent erosion, increase water retention, and improve soil nutrition. However, water retention could increase nematode pressure and green mulches could compete with garlic. Heather wanted to see if there was a difference in yields of garlic when whiteactive carbon, cover crops, farmer led research, mulch, multi farm, no till, soil health, white clover2017PDF
Strip-tilling and Forages for Pastured PigsSep 12 2016BlogHorticultureEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioLearning from Other Farmer-researchers: Strip-tilling and Forages for Pastured Pigs - EFAO BLOG. Horticulture, Livestockcover crops, no till, on farm research, pastured pigs2016Web Link
Summary of Projects 2016Dec 12 2016ReportFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioBrief summary of the year, including the data collected in 2016 by EFAO farmer-researchers. This was included in the package given out at the Ecological Farmers of Ontario Conference in Kingston, Nov/Dec 2016.active carbon, broccoli, cover crops, experimental design, farmer led research, foliar spray, haney test, heritage breed, heritage breeds, pastured poultry, plfa, randomization, replication, soil health, soil tests, statistics, wet aggregate stability2016PDF
Summary of Projects 2017Feb 07 2018Research ReportFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioIn cooperation with Ecological Farmers Association of Ontario, 13 ecological farmers from across the province received funding to conduct 14 research trials for their farms. Program participation provided them with logical support and training, a stipend of $500 and reimbursement for allowable research expenses. For more information on EFAO’s Farmer-led Research Program, contact Sarah (sarah@efao.ca).farmer led research, on farm research, program information2017PDF
Sweet Pea Variety TrialMay 08 2018Research ProtocolSeed production & breedingJessica GaleSweet Gale GardensWestThis document outlines the steps that Jessica, Sas, Janis, Joanne, and Jen will follow to execute their variety trial for ​Sweet Peas​, including design, execution, data collection and data sharing. It also serves as a Memorandum of Understanding between the five growers and EFAO. The goal of this trial is to identify the best varieties of Sweet Peas for small-scale, ecological flower farms in Ontario.cut flower production, cut flowers, farmer led research, multi farm, variety trial2018PDF
Systems Research for AgricultureJan 19 2017Research LinkFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioWeb link to free PDF download of SARE's Systems Research for Agriculture e-book. ABSTRACT: Farmers today face a complicated host of environmental, social and economic pressures: protecting water and air resources, mitigating greenhouse gases, conserving biodiversity and limiting soil erosion, all while trying to make a living. These challenges are linked, yet most agricultural research of the last 80 years has approached them from a reductionist standpoint. To build truly sustainable farming systems, agricultural research must embrace a multidimensional approach known as agricultural systems research. Systems Research for Agriculture outlines both the theory and practice of agricultural systems research, helping agricultural professionals to study, understand and develop economically, socially and environmentally sustainable production systems. This handbook begins with a brief introduction to the theoretical basis for agricultural systems research. It then delivers guidance on how to form effective interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder teams, which include farmers and ranchers, and how to plan, implement and analyze systems experiments. This handbook is essential reading for research coordinators and all other team members as they navigate the complexities of multifaceted systems projects.experimental design, farmer led research, on farm research, randomization, replication, statistics2016Web Link
Tea Bag Science For AllSep 12 2016BlogSoil HealthEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioTea Bag Science For All - EFAO BLOGon farm research, soil health, soil tests, decomposition, citizen science2016Web Link
Towards Farmer-led Research: A GuidbookJul 16 2018ReportFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOOntarioThis guidebook aims to provide insights for working collaboratively with farmers in research. We identified and synthesized the literature on farmer-led research and farmer participatory research activities from around the world, with a focus on the North American context. Further, we shared our experiences and lessons learned from the first three years of Ecological Farmers Association of Ontario’s Farmer-led Research Program. This resource is meant to be used as a practical tool for researchers and practitioners looking to develop, implement, and evaluate farmer-led research programs.farmer led breeding, farmer led research, participatory plant breeding, program information2018PDF
Workflow for Downloading and Graphing Weather DataFeb 28 2018HandoutFarmer-led Research ProgramEFAO StaffEFAOAllStep-by-step instructions for downloading and graphing weather data for farmer-led research projects.farmer led breeding, farmer led research, weather, meta data2018PDF